Michigan Research Data Center
The Michigan Research Data Center (MRDC) is a joint project of the U.S. Bureau of the Census and the University of Michigan. It enables qualified, confidentiality-abiding researchers with approved projects to access non-public, unpublished Census Bureau data under the provisions of Title 13, sec. 9 U.S.C.. The Census Bureau’s Center for Economic Studies has developed and put into practice the concept of Research Data Centers (RDCs). The RDCs provide a secure Census Bureau environment where researchers may have limited access to non-public demographic, economic, and public health microdata, with appropriate safeguards to protect data confidentiality. This controlled environment ensures that the Census Bureau’s standards for ensuring the confidentiality of data by its census and survey respondents are rigorously maintained.
The ability to analyze data on individuals, households, establishments, and firms has enormous scientific benefits. These include the ability to make full use of the information collected by government agencies; to analyze the behavior of individuals and firms taking into account the heterogeneity of behavior and characteristics; and to combine sources of data at the individual level to study relationships obscured by more aggregate data.
The MRDC is a project of the Survey Research Center and the Institute for Social Research. The MRDC is supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation, by units of the University of Michigan, and by fees charged to researchers.
Researchers interested in using the MRDC are urged to consult us directly at firstname.lastname@example.org. Proposal guidelines and other information are available on the proposal link of this website.
Center for Economic Studies
The Center for Economic Studies (CES) is a research unit of the Office of the Chief Economist, U.S. Bureau of the Census, established to encourage and support the analytic needs of researchers and policy makers throughout government, academia, and business. The CES developed and administers the Research Data Center (RDC) program. See the CES webpage for information about the program and for essential information about criteria for accessing the data and procedures for submitting proposals.
The MRDC is located in Room 106 of the Institute for Social Research, a secure physical location certified by the Census Bureau. A full time Census Bureau employee (RDC administrator) is employed on site to oversee daily operations and the research process.
The facility at the University of Michigan has eight workstations for researchers, individual lockers, a conference room, and an office for the RDC administrator. The computing environment allows the RDC administrator and individual researchers to login via a remote server to the Census Bureau Computing Center in Bowie, Maryland where all data and programs reside. The computing architecture provides users with the ability to access non-public data in read-only files and perform research, while maintaining the integrity of non-public data in a secure facility.
Institute for Social Research
Security and Confidentiality
Access to the RDC is restricted to Census Bureau employees or researchers who have Special Sworn Status (SSS) with the Census Bureau, in accordance with Title 13 U.SC., Section 23(c). The MRDC assists researchers with approved projects in obtaining SSS. Those obtaining SSS must pass a security clearance and must sign and make a sworn statement about preserving the confidentiality of the data. Individuals with SSS have the same obligations to protect the confidentiality of data as Census Bureau employees and are subject to administrative, civil, and criminal sanctions for breach of confidentiality.
A Census Bureau employee (RDC administrator) is assigned to the MRDC. The RDC Administrator provides guidance on using the data and directs researchers to the relevant people at the Census Bureau’s Center for Economic Studies. The most important role the RDC Administrator plays is to provide guidance to the researchers regarding confidentiality restrictions. By working closely with the researchers and becoming familiar with the details of the research projects, the RDC Administrator will ensure researchers understand the Census Bureau’s and the Institute for Social Research’s “culture of confidentiality.”
Results of all research on the MRDC are subject to disclosure review by the Census Bureau to assure that they do not reveal any confidential information. Once they have passed this review, they results of the research may be released to the public and published.
The MRDC facility offers a secure location for sensitive work. The basement location provides a secure environment within the already secure Institute for Social Research facility. The RDC contains no windows, maintains only one point of entry, a key code and card swipe to gain access, motion detectors and alarms, GSA-approved filing cabinet and paper shredder, and a surveillance camera. Researchers have no access to the internet or the world wide web while working in the facility.
Access to the MRDC is provided at no charge to University of Michigan faculty and graduate students. Other researchers should inquire to the MRDC for fee information.